Parker Research Center

A Leader in Research

The Parker University Research Center coordinates and facilitates the development and execution of a research agenda consistent with the overall mission of Parker University. That agenda has led to the advancement of the University within the scientific/professional community and contributed sound scientific evidence that supports public health and the chiropractic profession, education, business and technology.

A Leader in Research

The Parker University Research Center coordinates and facilitates the development and execution of a research agenda consistent with the overall mission of Parker University. That agenda has led to the advancement of the University within the scientific/professional community and contributed sound scientific evidence that supports public health and the chiropractic profession, education, business and technology.

About Us

“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.”
-Attributed to Aristotle

MISSION:

Establish and sustain a culture that promotes research excellence, which is patient-centered and innovative.

OBJECTIVES:

  1. Prepare new scientists and life-long learners.
  2. Enhance University administrative support for research activities.
  3. Develop innovative, patient-centered research that contributes to
    the science of healthcare.
  4. Enhance awareness of Parker Research Activities.

Current Initiatives

Nutrition

Director: Katie Pohlman, DC, MS, PhD
Manager: Zak Monier, MS, RD, LD
Faculty Investigators:
Greg Hollandsworth, DC, MS(s)
MaryAnne Dimak, DC, MS
Tammy Fogarty, PhD, RD

Patient Safety

Director: Katie Pohlman, DC, MS, PhD
Collaborator:
Martha Funabashi, MS, PhD

Neuro / Motor Control

Directors: Katie Pohlman, DC, MS, PhD & Chris Malaya, DC, PhD(c)
Collaborators:
Dean Smith, DC, PhD
Joshua Haworth, PhD
Kyle Bills, DC, PhD
Jordan Yorganson, PhD
Nate Schilaty, DC, PhD
Faculty Investigators:
Donald Dishman, DC, MS
Scharlene Gaudet, DC

Special Populations – Pediatric, Women’s Health, Chronic Pain

Director: Katie Pohlman, DC, MS, PhD
Collaborators:
Mike Swain, DC, PhD
Amy Miller, DC, PhD(c)
Carol Ann Weis, DC, MS
Jesse Cooper, DC

Research Personnel

Katherine A Pohlman, DC, MS, PhD

Director of Research

Dr. Pohlman joined Parker University in 2015 with nine years of prior experience as a research manager and scientist, including the first project manager for Palmer Center of Chiropractic Research. In that position, she managed several federally-funded research studies, including the largest randomized controlled trial in the military for chiropractic, which was awarded from the Department of Defense.

Read full bio

contact me: kpohlman@parker.edu

Chris Malaya, DC, Ph.D.

Research Associate | Supervisor for Student Research | Co-Director of Neurology/Motor Control Research

Dr. Chris Malaya is Parker alumni as he received his doctor of chiropractic degree in 2018 and was the first to graduate with research honors. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Motor Control from the University of Houston and working to expand the ever-growing body of chiropractic research. His current research interests are in sensorimotor integration, postural control and adaptation, as well as biomechanics. As the Research Associate at Parker, he supervises research activities of DC students and co-directs research activities on neuro/motor-control topics.

contact me: cmalaya@parker.edu

Dana Lawrence, DC, MMedEd, MA

Associate Provost for Education and Research

Dr. Lawrence is Associate Provost of Education and Research at Parker University, Dr. Lawrence was previously the Senior Director for the Center for Teaching and Learning and interim Senior Director for Continuing Education and Events at Palmer College of Chiropractic, and before that was a member of the research department. Prior to coming to Palmer College, Dr. Lawrence spent 23 years at National University, leaving that institution as a dean of one of its 3 colleges.

Read full bio

contact me: dlawrence@parker.edu

Zak Monier, MS, RD, LD

Zak Monier, MS, RD, LD

Research Project Manager

Zak Monier is Research Project Manager at Parker University. Zak has a Masters of Nutrition & Dietetics and is a Registered Dietitian with experience in sports nutrition, nutritional counseling, conducting and publishing research. He previously served as Parker's Clinical Research Coordinator for studies that we were conducted in collaboration with Nutrient.

contact me: zakmonier@parker.edu

  • Recognitions and Awards
  • Grants
  • Institutional Review Board (IRB)
  • Manuscripts

Recognitions and Awards

Dr. Chris Malaya

  • Educational Fellowship, NCMIC Foundation, August 2019

Dr. Katie Pohlman

  • Inaugural Fellow, Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership (CARL) program, March 2017
  • Visiting Scientist, Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, April 2017
  • Visiting Scholar awarded to Dr. Katherine Pohlman from AECC College University, Bournemouth, England, October 2019
  • Visiting Scholar awarded to Dr. Katherine Pohlman from Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, April 2020

Excellence in Complementary, Integrative Rehabilitation Medicine Poster Award: Cooper J, Pohlman KA. Attitudes and Beliefs Toward Chronic Low Back Pain: a Cross-sectional Survey of a Chiropractic Institution.

March 2018: Malaya C, Powell C, Haworth J, Smith D, Pohlman K. Impact of extremity manipulation on postural sway characteristics: a preliminary, randomized cross-over study. J Chiropr Educ 2018:32(1):60.

March 2017 – Pohlman KA, Bodnar P, Ndetan H, Kawchuk G

Do clinician and patient reports of adverse events align? Assessing adverse events after chiropractic care at a chiropractic teaching clinic: an active surveillance pilot study.

March 2017 – Odhwani A, Giggleman, Sarkar Pradip, Pohlman KA.

Baseline evaluation of the evidence-based practice competencies for faculty and students at a chiropractic program: a cross-sectional survey.

https://journalchiroed.com/doi/abs/10.7899/JCE-18-24

March 2017 – Dr. Christine Goertz of Palmer College of Chiropractic and included Parker’s Dr. Katherine Pohlman

Assessment of chiropractic treatment for active duty, U.S. military personnel with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2680417

Podium Presentation, Chiropractic Australia and Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia, Fernandez M, Moore C, Peng W, de Luca K, Pohlman KA, Swain M, Adams J. The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: Analyses of 1,907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network. October 2017

Grants

PIE2021 – NCMIC Foundation

    • Through the gracious contribution from NCMIC Foundation, Parker University received a grant in June 2019 to support the Process of Integrating Evidence (P.I.E.) for Complementary and Integrative Health (CIH) Educators Conference. This grant will support travel and registration stipends for the P.I.E. conference hosted by Parker University in August 2020. The Parker University Research Center sincerely thanks NCMIC Foundation for helping to make this event possible.
    • Director: Dr. Katie Pohlman
    • http://pie2020.org/
  • Advancing Patient Safety for Special Populations – Canadian Chiropractic Research Foundation (CCRF)
    • This study will investigate changes in symptoms reported by older adults receiving chiropractic care, with a focus on safety. We will:

1) Calculate the frequency of reported adverse events following chiropractic care; and

2) Explore patient and provider factors associated with reported changes in symptoms.

  • Co-Lead: Dr. Katie Pohlman, along with Dr. Martha Funabashi from Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

https://www.canadianchiropracticresearchfoundation.ca/ccrf-unveils-funding-for-new-research-projects/

One of the most important elements of clinical research involves the successful recruitment of patients. Previous studies of chiropractic practices reveal that word-of-mouth and patient referrals are superior methods of advertising. A similar trend is often observed in the recruitment of patients for clinical trials.

In an effort to gain greater public exposure and establish a positive rapport with the community, researchers at the Parker Research Center devote a significant portion of their time to various community health events/projects and organizations. Patients are not only presented with the opportunity to participate in research that might be of importance to them, but they become educated about chiropractic wellness and the benefits of chiropractic care to their overall health and well being.

Perhaps the motivation to make a difference in the lives of community members may best be described in a thank you letter from a former patient, “It pleases me to just be noticed and considered.”

Working with Others Nationally and Internationally

A significant portion of research conducted at the Parker Research Center has been made possible through collaborations with various educational institutions and organizations across the U.S. and abroad. These collaboration efforts add diversity and specialized expertise to our research projects, greatly influencing the quality of research produced at the Parker Research Center.

SaferCare Texas (formerly the University of North Texas Health Science Center for Institute for Patient Safety)

Nutrient

Brigham Young University

NCMIC Foundation, Inc.  for P.I.E. Conference 2020 ”
Through the gracious contribution from NCMIC Foundation, Parker University received a grant in June 2019 to support the Process of Integrating Evidence (P.I.E.) for Complementary and Integrative Health (CIH) Educators Conference. This grant will support travel and registration stipends for the P.I.E. conference hosted by Parker University in August 2020. The Parker University Research Center sincerely thanks NCMIC Foundation for helping to make this event possible.

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Parker University Research Center has a policy for the protection of human subjects from research risk as set forth in Title 45, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations (45 CFR 46). The detailed and complete Standard Operating Procedural Manual is on file in the office of the Human Protections Administrator. It is the policy of Parker University that, except for those categories specifically exempted by 45 CFR 46, all research covered by this policy will be reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) established under the policy regardless of the source of funding of the research.

IRB approval must be obtained before initiation of a study. The Human Protections Administrator assesses applications to determine if they involve human subject research; if so, the HPA will determine if the research meets criteria for Exemption under 45 CFR 46. All research that is not exempt is sent to the IRB for its consideration; research may be expedited if criteria is met, or reviewed by the full board.

The IRB functions as an institutional resource to safeguard the welfare of human subjects of research, to meet the requirements of funding agencies, and to protect investigators and the University from legal action.

The IRB membership consists of 9 individuals including the Chair. The membership includes faculty or professional personnel, and at least one member who is not otherwise affiliated with the University and who is not part of the immediate family of a person affiliated with the University.

The current membership of the IRB is:

  • Dr. Dana Hollandsworth, Chair
  • Dr. Drew Riffe, Vice-Chair
  • Dr. Jacqueline Elbel
  • Dr. Marty Hall
  • Ms. Ashley Long
  • Dr. Thomas Redenbaugh
  • Mr. Rick Robinette
  • Dr. Judy Rich, Public Member
  • Ms. Becky Sullivan, Non-Scientific Member
  • Dr. Vanessa Morales, Alternate
  • Dr. Dana Lawrence (ex officio), Human Protections Administrator

Information about the IRB can be provided by contacting Dr. Dana Lawrence, dlawrence@parker.edu.

Fernandez M, Moore C, Peng W, de Luca K, Pohlman K, Swain M, Adams J. The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: analyses of 1907 chiropractors from ACORN practice-based research network.
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies (2019) 27:19

Prevost C, Gleberson B, Carleo B, Anderson K, Clark M, Pohlman K. Pediatric and manual therapy: a systematic review.

BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine (2019) 19:60

Khan Y, Lawrence D, Vining R, Derby D. Measuring Biopsychosocial Risk for Back Pain in Chiropractic Patients using the STarT Back Screening Tool: A Cross-Sectional
Survey.
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies (2019) 27:2

Eklund A, De Carvalho D, Page I, Wong A, Johansson M, Pohlman K, Hartvigsen J, Swain M. Expectations influence treatment outcomes in patients with low back pain. A secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial.
European Journal of Pain (2019) 23(7):1378-1389

Tollefson L, Cho J. Progression of diagnostic imaging findings of a patient with traumatic spondylolisthesis secondary to unilateral facet fractures: a case report.
Journal of Chiropractic Medicine (2019) 18(2):129-143

Gleberzon BJ, Pohlman KA, Russell E. Comparison of chiropractic student lexicon at two educational institutions: a cross-sectional survey. ”The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (2019)
63(1):36-43

Manrique C, Giggleman G. Comparison of first-year grade point average and national board scores between alternative admission track students in a chiropractic
program who took or did not take preadmission science courses. Journal of Chiropractic Education (2019) 00:0

Manansala C, Passmore S, Pohlman K, Toth A, Olin G. Change in young people’s spine pain following chiropractic care at a publicly funded heathcare facility in
Canada. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice (2019) 35:301-307

Funabashi M, Pohlman KA,  Mior S, O’Beirne M, Westaway M, De Carvalho D, El-Bayoumi M, Haig
B, Wade DJ, Thiel HW, Cassidy JD, Hurwitz E, Kawchuk GN, Vohra S. SafetyNET Community-based patient safety initiatives:
development and application of a Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Survey. Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (2018) 62(3):130-142.

Goertz CM, Long CR, Vining Rd, Pohlman KA, Walter J, Coulter I. Effect of usual medical plus chiropractic care vs usual medical care alone on pain and disability among US service members with low back pain: a comparative effectiveness
clinical trial. JAMA Network Open (2018) 1(1):e180105

Adams J, Kawchuck G, Breen Ax, De Carvalho D, Eklund A, Fernandez M, Funabashi M, Holmes MM, Johansson MS, de Luca K, Moore C, Page I, Pohlman KA, Swain MS, Wong
AYL, Hartvigsen J. Leadership and capacity building in international chiropractic research: introducing the Chiropractic academy for research leadership (CARL). Chiropractic & Manual Therapies (2018) 26:5

”Pohlman KA, Carroll L, Tsuyuki RT, Hartling L, Vohra S. Active verses passive adverse event reporting after pediatric chiropractic manual therapy: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. Trials (2018) 18(1):575

Boysen J, Salsbury S, Lawrence D. Impacting public health by affecting individual health: a focus group with chiropractic students after an international clinic experience. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (2018) 62(1):18-25

Griffea-Hollis B, Melton-Riddle D. The epidemiology of norovirus 2014-2017. American Journal of Public Health Research (2018) 6(2):40-43

Lintz J. A qualitative study of master patient index (MPI) record challenges from health information management professionals’ perspectives. Perspectives in health information management spring. Perspectives in Health Information
Management (2018) 1-13

Pohlman KA, Carroll L, Hartling L, Tsuyuki R, Vohra S. Pediatric chiropractors’ attitudes and opinions towards patient safety. Journal of Manipulative Physiological
Therapeutics (2016) 39(7):487-493

Goertz CM, Salsbury SA, Vining RD, Long CR, Pohlman KA, Lamas GA. Effect of spinal manipulation of upper cervical vertebrae on blood pressure: results of a pilot sham-controlled trial. Journal of Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics (2016) 39(5):369-380

Hewitt E, Hestbaek L, Pohlman KA. Core competencies of the certified pediatric chiropractor: results of a Delphi consensus process. Journal of Evidence Based Complementary
& Alternative Medicine (2016) 21(2):110-114

Goertz CM, Xia T, Long CR, Vining RD, Pohlman KA, DeVocht JW, Gudavalli MR, Owens EF, Meeker
WC, Wilder DG. Effects of spinal manipulation on sensorimotor function in back pain patients – a randomized controlled trial. Manual Therapy (2016) 21:183-90

Parker University Research Center has a policy for the protection of human subjects from research risk as set forth in Title 45, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations (45 CFR 46). The detailed and complete Standard Operating Procedural Manual is on file in the office of the Human Protections Administrator. It is the policy of Parker University that, except for those categories specifically exempted by 45 CFR 46, all research covered by this policy will be reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) established under the policy regardless of the source of funding of the research.

IRB approval must be obtained before initiation of a study. The Human Protections Administrator assesses applications to determine if they involve human subject research; if so, the HPA will determine if the research meets criteria for Exemption under 45 CFR 46. All research that is not exempt is sent to the IRB for its consideration; research may be expedited if criteria is met, or reviewed by the full board.

The IRB functions as an institutional resource to safeguard the welfare of human subjects of research, to meet the requirements of funding agencies, and to protect investigators and the University from legal action.

The IRB membership consists of 9 individuals including the Chair. The membership includes faculty or professional personnel, and at least one member who is not otherwise affiliated with the University and who is not part of the immediate family of a person affiliated with the University.

The current membership of the IRB is:

Dr. Dana Hollandsworth, Chair

Dr. Drew Riffe, Vice-Chair

Dr. Jacqueline Elbel

Dr. Marty Hall

Ms. Ashley Long

Dr. Thomas Redenbaugh

Mr. Rick Robinette

Dr. Judy Rich, Public Member

Ms. Becky Sullivan, Non-Scientific Member

Dr. Vanessa Morales, Alternate

Dr. Dana Lawrence (ex officio), Human Protections Administrator

Information about the IRB can be provided by contacting Dr. Dana Lawrence, dlawrence@parker.edu.

Manuscripts

Hammerich K, Stuber K, Hogg-Johnson S, Abbas A, Harris M, Lauridsen HH, Lemeunier N, Maiers M, McCarthy P, Morales V, Myburgh C, Petrini V, Pohlman KA, Mior S. Assessing Attitudes of Patient-Centred Care Among Students in International Chiropractic Educational Programs: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Chiropr Man Therap 2019;2:46.

 

Eklund A, DeCarvalho D, Pagé I, Wong A, Johansson MS, Pohlman K, Hartvigsen J, Swain M. Expectations associated with treatment outcomes in patients seeking care for low back pain. A secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial. Eur Spine J 2019;23(7):1378-1389.

 

Gleberzon B, Russell E, Pohlman KA. Use of Chiropractic Terminology and Perception of Chiropractic’s Identity Part 2: A Comparison of Survey Results between the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College and Parker University. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2019 April;63(1):36-43.

 

Fernandez M, Moore C, Peng W, de Luca K, Pohlman KA, Swain M, Adams J. The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: Analyses of 1,907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network. Chiropr Man Therap 2019 27:19.

 

Manansala C, Passmore S, Pohlman KA, Toth A, Olin G. Change in Young Peoples’ Spine Pain Following Chiropractic Care at a Publicly Funded Healthcare Facility in Canada. Complementary Therap Clin Prac 2019;35:301-307.

 

Parnell Prevost C, Gleberzon BJ, Carleo B, Anderson K, Cark M, Pohlman KA. Manual Therapy for the Pediatric Population: a Systematic Review. BMC Complementary Altern Med 2019;19:60.

 

Funabashi M, Pohlman KA, Mior S, O’Beirne M, Westaway M, DeCarvalho D, Haig B, Wade DJ, Thiel HW, Cassidy JD, Hurwitz E, Kawchuk GN, Vohra S. SafetyNET Community-based patient safety initiatives: Development and application of a Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Survey. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2018;62(3):130-142.

 

Goertz CM, Long CR, Vining RD, Pohlman KA, Walter J, Coulter I. The addition of chiropractic to usual medical care for low back pain: A controlled trial. JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(1):e180105. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0105

 

Adams J, Kawchuk G, Breen Ax, De Carvalho D, Eklund A, Fernandez M, Funabashi M, Holmes MM, Johansson MS, de Luca K; Moore C; Page I; Pohlman KA; Swain MS; Wong AYL; Hartvigsen J. Leadership and capacity building in international chiropractic research: Introducing the Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership (CARL). Chiropr Man Therap 2018 Feb 6;26:5.

 

Pohlman KA, Carroll L, Tsuyuki RT, Hartling L, Vohra S. Active versus passive adverse event reporting after pediatric chiropractic manual therapy: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. Trials 2017 Dec 1;18(1):575.

 

Pohlman KA, Carroll L, Hartling L, Tsuyuki R, Vohra S. Attitudes and opinions of doctors of chiropractic specializing in pediatric care toward patient safety: a cross-sectional survey. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2016 Sept;39(7):487-493.

 

Goertz CM, Salsbury SA, Vining RD, Long CR, Pohlman KA, Lamas GA. Upper cervical spinal manipulation does not lower blood pressure: results of a pilot sham-controlled trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2016 Jun;39(5):369-380.

 

Hewitt E, Hestbaek L, Pohlman KA. Core competencies of the certified pediatric chiropractor: results of a Delphi consensus process. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med 2016 Apr;21(2):110-114.

 

Pohlman KA, Carroll L, Hartling L, Tsuyuki R, Vohra S. Barriers to implementing a reporting and learning patient safety system: pediatric chiropractic perspective. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med 2016 Apr;21(2):105-109.

 

Goertz CM, Long C, Vining R, Pohlman KA, Kane B, Corber L, Walter J, Coulter I. Assessment of chiropractic treatment for active duty, US military personnel with low back pain: a comparative effectiveness clinical trial with adaptive allocation (ACT 1). Trials 2016 Feb 9;17(1):70.

 

Goertz CM, Xia T, Long CR, Vining RD, Pohlman KA, DeVocht JW, Gudavalli MR, Owens EF, Meeker WC, Wilder DG. Effects of spinal manipulation on sensorimotor function in back pain patients – a randomized controlled trial. Man Ther 2016 Feb;21:183-190.